Martin Greven’s research focus is on the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of
select quantum materials, especially complex oxides. This materials class embodies many
of the most profound contemporary questions pertaining to the collective quantum
behavior of interacting electrons. His research involves bulk single crystal growth,
neutron and X-ray scattering, as well as transport and magnetometry experiments.
Greven’s current projects in the CQM include rare-earth titanates (with Chubukov,
Fernandes, Jalan, Leighton), both in their Mott-insulating state and across the insulator-
metal transition, perovskite cobaltites (with Leighton), and the cuprate superconductors.
Neutron and X-ray scattering are powerful probes that provide essential structural and
magnetic information about new phases of matter and the transitions between them.
Greven pursues such experiments at leading facilities in the US (especially Oak Ridge
National Lab and Argonne National Lab) and abroad. He furthermore collaborates with
experts in the use of complementary experimental techniques (e.g, Brookhaven National
Lab, Caltech, Iowa State University/Ames Lab, Kyoto University, Peking University, UC
Berkeley/Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, UC Davis, University of Geneva, University
of Leipzig and Zagreb University).
Assistant Professor, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Turan Birol's research focuses on understanding the electronic and magnetic properties of crystalline materials and their connection with the crystal structure. In order to achieve this, he employs a combination of first-principles theoretical tools, including density functional theory and dynamic mean-field theory, as well as analytical approaches, such as group theory. Over the years, Birol has worked on materials such as ferroelectrics, multiferroics, topological materials, superconductors and various magnetic systems, with an emphasis on transition metal oxides. He has forged strong collaborative ties with experimentalists to help with the understanding of data generated by neutron and X-ray scattering as well as infrared, Raman and optical spectroscopy experiments.
Associate Professor, School of Physics and Astronomy
My main research activities are in strongly correlated electronic many-body systems. I am interested in clean and disordered systems in which the collective behavior of the electrons gives rise to ordered states that break different symmetries of the system, such as superconductivity, magnetism, nematic ordering, and orbital ordering. My aim is to understand not only the impact of these individual phases on the electronic structure and macroscopic properties of the system, but also how they interact with each other. To achieve this goal, I rely not only on the theoretical methods from quantum statistical mechanics and many-body theory, but also on the invaluable empirical information obtained from a variety of experimental techniques, such as x-ray diffraction, neutron scattering, optical spectroscopy, thermodynamic measurements, and angle-resolved photo-emission spectroscopy. Within the CQM, I have been working specifically on the unusual normal state and superconducting properties of SrTiO3 and other diluted superconductors, as well as on the puzzling magnetic properties of Mott insulators such as rare-earth titanates.
Associate Professor and Shell Chair, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
The Jalan's group focuses on the growth of thin films and heterostructures of complex oxides using molecular beam epitaxy. In the context of CQM, the focus is on the investigation of role of disorder and doping on superconductivity in SrTiO3 thin films and related heterostructures including the study of unusual magnetic ground states, and strongly-correlated Mott-Hubbard-type insulator characteristics in rare-earth titanates. With the particular emphasis on synthesis with excellent control over stoichiometry, dimensionality and strain, the major goal in this project is to understand, and control the interplay between lattice, charge and spin degree of freedom and their coupling to the functionality such as exotic magnetism, and superconductivity. The work in Jalan’s group utilizes a range of structural and electrical characterization techniques available both at the University of Minnesota and in the national laboratory network in addition to through collaboration with experts around the world.
Distinguished McKnight University Professor
Professor, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Chris Leighton's research generally focuses on electronic and magnetic properties of materials, spanning from bulk single crystals to thin films and heterostructures. In the context of the CQM his work is focused on complex oxide materials, mostly cobaltites, titanates, and stannates, including synthesis, structural/chemical characterization, and a wide range of physical property measurements. The latter include neutron scattering (particularly small-angle neutron scattering, neutron reflectometry, and powder diffraction), as well as transport, magnetometry, heat capacity, etc. His current projects in the CQM feature SrTiO3 (working with Fernandes), various perovskite cobaltites (again with Fernandes), rare-earth titanates (with Greven, Jalan, Fernandes), stannate semiconductors, and some complex metal alloy systems. Collaborations are ongoing with Oak Ridge National Lab, Argonne National Lab, University of California Santa Barbara, McGill University, Iowa State University/Ames Lab, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, and the National Institute for Standards and Technology. Recurring research themes include the understanding of competing forms of magnetic and electronic ordering in complex systems, and the interaction with defects and their control.